Following the defeat of pro-Armenian forces against Azerbaijan, authorities in Nagorno-Karabakh have announced the dissolution of the self-proclaimed republic. In a decree published on Thursday, the leadership of local authorities ordered to disband “all state institutions and organizations” in the Caucasus region as of January 1, 2024. Nagorno-Karabakh will thus “cease to exist.”

Nagorno-Karabakh is part of Azerbaijan under international law, but the area is predominantly populated by Armenians. Azerbaijan and Armenia have been fighting over the region for years.

On September 19, Azerbaijan launched a large-scale military offensive there. Just one day later, the pro-Armenian fighters of Nagorno-Karabakh had to admit defeat. Tens of thousands of people fled the region.

The government in Yerevan announced on Thursday that 65,000 people, more than half of Nagorno-Karabakh’s population, have now fled to Armenia.